Male Breast Reduction Surgery: Gynecomastia is a common condition in men. It is the increase in the level of breast gland tissues in males due to the hormonal imbalance of testosterone and estrogen. Gynecomastia might affect one or both breasts. When there is an increase in the fat and not glandular tissue, it is termed Pseudogynecomastia.
Older men or boys undergoing puberty might develop gynecomastia as a result of hormonal changes. However, there can be other causes as well. Though it is not a serious medical condition, it can be challenging to cope with it. Men feel embarrassed because of breast growth which affects their confidence. Some males might also experience pain in the breasts. Gynecomastia might resolve automatically but if it persists, surgery can prove to be helpful.
One of the best solutions for gynecomastia is male breast reduction surgery. The gynecomastia surgery or male breast reduction surgery removes excess tissues from the breasts. It is a safe surgery that can be performed on males of any age considering they are in good health.
Causes of Gynecomastia
There are several causes of gynecomastia which are as follows:
As mentioned above, gynecomastia is caused because of an imbalance between the hormones testosterone and estrogen. While estrogen makes the breast tissue grow, testosterone prevents it from growing the breast tissue. Though both males and females have testosterone and estrogen hormones, testosterone is higher in males and estrogen in females.
Young boys might experience gynecomastia due to hormone fluctuation which might resolve while growing up. Swollen breasts are common in men approaching older age as they produce less testosterone but have higher levels\ of body fat. This leads to an increase in estrogen levels.
Some men develop gynecomastia due to the following medications:
- Ulcer medications
- Anabolic steroids
- HIV medications
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Diazepam and medicines for anxiety
- Heart- disease drugs
Symptoms of Gynecomastia
Symptoms of gynecomastia consist of tenderness and swelling in the breast gland tissue of one or both breasts. It begins as fatty tissue around the individual’s nipples. In most of the cases, the lump development is uneven. In case of persistent swelling and pain along with nipple discharge, it is essential to consult a physician.
Diagnosis of Gynecomastia
The cosmetic surgeon asks about the medical history, drug history, and symptoms for diagnosis. They will perform a physical examination of the breasts. If the cause of the enlarged breasts is hormonal imbalance, the doctor will suggest that the condition will resolve automatically without any treatment.
If the lump is larger than usual, one-sided, or tender, the cosmetic surgeon in Ahmedabad will ask for blood test, or biopsy to rule out any chances of breast cancer. Diagnosis will also consist of imaging tests such as:
- Mammograms/ breast ultrasounds
- Testicles ultrasounds
- Chest x-rays
- MRI Scans
In most cases, gynecomastia will resolve on its own but if it is caused because of an underlying condition like malnutrition, hypogonadism, or cirrhosis, it would need treatment.
There is no scientific proof of medications work for gynecomastia and hence surgery is the only effective option. If the enlarged breasts are bothering the individual, surgery can be a great choice. Two options for gynecomastia surgery are liposuction and mastectomy.
Liposuction removes excess fatty tissues during the procedure by inserting a small tube via an incision. The doctor will cut out the tissues with the help of a scalpel and remove the excess glandular tissue. The candidate will be left with a scar near the edge of the nipple. If the candidate needs a significant reduction in the skin and tissue, the incision will be bigger.
The chest remains swollen and bruised so the doctor will recommend wearing an elastic pressure garment for reducing the swelling. It usually takes around six weeks for the candidate to resume their normal routine. The complications from the surgery are rare and consist of breast tissue removal, reduced sensation in one or both nipples, uneven chest contour, etc.
The gynecomastia treatment options consist of medications as well. However, it is the doctor who will decide the right treatment for you based on your specific case, reason for gynecomastia, and medical history. The treatment for gynecomastia is safe and do not cause any long-term health issue.
Cost of Treatment
The cost of gynecomastia treatment varies depending on the individual case and if one or both breasts need to be treated. However, the approximate gynecomastia surgery cost in Ahmedabad can range from 40k to 90k. The cost of surgery includes the cost of hospitalization as well and it varies based on the amenities, location, and reputation. Gynecomastia can be caused due to various reasons but if it doesn’t resolve on its own, surgery can be a great choice. It is better to consult a cosmetic surgeon like Dr. Kedarnath Pandya – The best cosmetic surgeon in Ahmedabad, for the right diagnosis and treatment so that you can make an informed decision.
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